Risks and Benefits of Artificial Intelligence
What used to be science fiction is now reality. According to Jon Purizhansky, while not everyone understands the concept of Artificial Intelligence, it’s become a part of our daily lives. No one can predict how it will develop and what its contributions will be to the human evolutionary process, but it’s impossible to discount it as some science fiction phenomenon any longer.
So, what is AI? Artificial Intelligence is the science of computers developing human-like intelligence. Whether we realize it or not, we use it every day to reduce our efforts and bring efficiency into our processes and methods both at home and at work
Jon Purizhansky says that a perfect example of AI is a bit. You ask the bot a question and it gives you an answer. AI is commonly used in healthcare, in banking and financial services, in defense and intelligence, in transportation and most importantly in research and development of new technologies. The challenging question is “ what will happen when AI will surpass the human intelligence?” While it’s impossible to answer this question accurately, scientists believe that once the AI system starts working in its full capacity, it will reinvent the world that we know today. AI will take over industries, including construction , waste management and transportation within foreseeable future. Smart robots may replace humans completely when it comes to manual labor. Humans, in turn, will focus more on education and developing intellectual skills. This will lead to a leap in human evolutionary development on an unimaginable scale.
However, Jon Purizhansky notices that AI development could also bring risks with it. He talks about the fears so well demonstrated by Hollywood , i.e. smart machines developing their own civilization that would destroy the human race. While remote, it’s possible. The risks of AI controlling your car, your airplane, your pacemaker, your automated trading system or your power grid are obvious. Obviously, the toughest question is what will happen if the quest for strong AI succeeds and an AI system becomes better than humans at all cognitive tasks.
Hence, developing smarter AI systems is itself a cognitive task. AI could potentially undergo recursive self-improvement, triggering an intelligence explosion leaving human intellect far behind. By inventing revolutionary new technologies, such a super intelligence might help us eradicate war, disease, and poverty, and so the creation of strong AI might be the biggest event in human history, but it could also destroy human race.
This is why it is so important that AI R&D is managed in a smart and ethical way. Therefore, Jon Purizhansky says that AI development needs to be subject to regulatory oversight on national and international levels to ensure that its growth and development is reasonably controlled. While the benefits of AI are self-evident , it’s risks need to be carefully analyzed and a balance approach to the AI development must be developed , while international regulatory development protocols must be created and enforced for the benefit of humanity.